The South Pacific Regional Fisheries Management Organisation (SPRFMO) is an intergovernmental organization whose establishment was initiated in 2006 through a consultation process that facilitated cooperation among States to address the gap in the conservation and International management of non-migratory fisheries and the protection of biodiversity in the marine environment in the high seas of the South Pacific Ocean. On November 2009, the Convention on the Conservation and Management of High Seas Fishery Resources in the South Pacific Ocean was adopted, which is Treaty that constitutes the SPRFMO. Subsequently, in accordance with its Article 38, the Convention entered into force on August 24, 2012, and the first meeting of the Commission was held in Auckland, New Zealand, from January 28 to February 1, 2013. The SPRFMO Commission has currently 15 Members from Asia, Europe, the Americas, and Oceania:
Australia People’s Republic of China Republic of Korea New Zealand Republic of Peru Republic of Ecuador Chinese Taipei Republic of Vanuatu
Republic of Chile European Union Kingdom of Denmark in respect of the Faroe Islands Cook Islands Republic of Cuba Russian Federation The United States of America
Likewise Cooperating non-Contracting Parties (CNCPs) are:
Republic of Liberia
Republic of Panama
The Organisation consists of a Commission and a number of subsidiary bodies. New Zealand is the Depositary for the SPRFMO Convention and hosts the SPRFMO Secretariat in Wellington.
- Sedentary species in so far as they are subject to the national jurisdiction of coastal States pursuant to Article 77 paragraph 4 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).
- Highly migratory species listed in Annex I of the UNCLOS.
- Anadromous and catadromous species.
- Marine mammals, marine reptiles and sea birds.
The main commercial fishery resources in the SPRFMO area are Jack mackerel (Trachurus murphyi), and jumbo flying squid (Dosidicus gigas) in the Southeast Pacific and, to a much lesser degree, deep-sea species often associated with seamounts in the Southwest Pacific. At present the SPRFMO has only adopted conservation and management measures for the Jack mackerel fishery on the high seas, including the establishment of the total allowable catch.